1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf
1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Pak Study 

Indus vale civilization was a Bronze Age civilization within the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300BCE to 1300BCE, and it’s mature from 2600BCE to 1900BCE. Indus vale civilization conjointly called Harappan Civilization. gift day Asian country and Asian country. Geographical Range: Indus

Period: Bronze Age South Asia

Date: 3300BCE-1300BCE

Type site: Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro

Arya arrived in Sind:

The Arya arrived from Central Asia roughly 2000BCE and 1500BCE, and brought Indo-European languages to the landmass.

Religion of Arya: Hinduism

Gandhara Civilization:

Gandhara was Associate in Nursing ancient region within the Peshawar basin within the North West of the traditional Indian landmass, gift day Asian country (KPK) and north east Afghanistan|Asian country|Asian nation}|Asian country|Asian nation}.

Capital: Texila

Government: autarchy

Date: 750BC-518BC

Historical Era: Ancient Era

Religion: Buddhism

Maurya sept

Chandragupta Maurya was the founding father of Maurya sept in ancient Asian country. Region: 324BC

Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism

Historical Era: Iron Age

Capital: province (India)

Language: Magadhi Prakrit

Area: 1900,000 sq. Miles

Population: fifty million

Currency: Panas

Today half of: Asian country, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Asian nation

Rulers of Muarya sept

1. Chandragupta

2. Bindusara

3. Ashoka (Promote Buddhism)

4. Samprati

5. Shalishuka

6. Devavarman

7. Shatadhavan

8. Brihadratha

Gupta sept

Gupta Empire was Associate in Nursing ancient Indian empire existing from middle to late third century metal to 543CE. amount|this era} is taken into account Golden period of Asian country. Gupta sept based by Sri-Gupta and also the most notable rulers of sept were Chandragupta, Samudragupta, Chandragupta (Second), Vikramaditya.

Established: third century metal

Language: Sanskrit

Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism

Government: autarchy

Today half of: Asian country, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan, Burma

History of landmass 712-1857

Muhammad bin Qasim al Thaqafi

Born: thirty one Gregorian calendar month 695 (Mosul, Iraq)

Died: eighteen July 715

War: Battle of Aror (Sind)

Nationality: Ommiad

Rank: Ommiad General

Year of service: 710-715

Real name Muhammad Bin Qasim and title Amadudin.He was a Arab military commander throughout the region of Ommiad. He came to Sind in 712 the region of Omayad amount, Muhammadan walid l, bin Abdul leader. Governor of Irak Hajjaj Bin Yousuf , relinquishment the mission in 712 against Bahaman sept in Sind. He entered in Sind with 12000 army.

Reason for fulfillment

                              Reason for Success Superior military instrumentation Troop discipline and leadership.The idea of Jihad as a encouragement. [4] Religion; the widespread belief within the prophecy of Muslim success. 

Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi (971 – 1030):

Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi Son of Sabuktagin dominated from 997 to 1030 sept (Afghanistan, jap Persia, Pakistan, North Eest Asian country) seventeen expeditions on India.

Campaign: 

                    Campaign Started from (Khorsan, Balkh, Herat, Merv) Asian nation, from Samanids in 999 Seistan (Iran) a thousand Ghandhara (Peshawar) defeats Jaypal 1001 Multan, Ismail crowned head & Anandapala Expeditions in Asian country against Rajput (Ujjain, Gwalior, Kalinjar, Kannauj, i Ajmer, Kangra. Takes urban center on his come back Nehrwala, Kathiawar, Somnath this raid was his last major campaign. Somnath 1025: killing over fifty,000 people that tried to defend it swayer Mahmud died on Apr thirty, 1030 at Ghazni.

Sultan Muhammad Shahabu-ud-Din Ghori (1150 – fifteen March 1206):

Mu’izzuddin Muhammad Bin, Title swayer Muhammad Shahabu-ddin Ghori Same Born in Ghor, Asian nation Brother Ghayassu-ud-Din Ghorid’s sept (Afghanistan, Pakistan, North East India)

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf
1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Campaign: 

                 Campaign Multan & Uch 1175 Attacked Gujrat 1178, defeated by Rajput Bhimdev Solanki II Capture urban center 1181 Conquered Sialkot 1181 Attacked parcel (Delhi) against Prithvi dominion Chohan (Rajput) 1191, Loss Attacked parcel 1192 once more, become Victorious enraptured to Ajmer + North Rajasthan Attacked Ayodhya temple, capture urban center 1193 created Qutb-ud-Din Aibak his Deputy of land Conquered geographical area.

Battle of Tarain

First Battle of Tarain: 1191

Shahabu-ud-Din Ghori vs Chahamana King Prithiviraj Chauhan

War result: Chahamana King Prithiviraj ending

Second battle of Tarain: 1192

Shahabu-ud-Din Ghori vs Chahamana King Prithiviraj Chauhan

War Result: Shahabu-ud-Din Ghori ending

Third Battle of Tarain: 1216

Mamluk King ILTUTMISH vs Ghurid General Taj-al-Din Yildiz

War result: Mamluk King ILTUTMISH ending

Delhi land (1206-1526)

Delhi land was Associate in Nursing Moslem Empire based mostly in {delhi|Delhi|Old urban center|city|metropolis|urban center} over an outsized a part of landmass for 320 years (1206-1526). In urban center land 5 dynasties dominated over the Indian landmass. the primary ruler of urban center land Qutb-ud-Din Aibak and last ruler Abraham Lodi.

1. Mamluk (Slave Dynasty) 1206-1290

2. Khilji sept 1290-1320

3. Tughlaq sept 1320-1414

4. Sayyid sept 1414-1451

5. Lodi sept 1451-1526

Mamluk (Slave Dynasty) 1206-1290

Established: 1206

Disestablished: 1290

Founder: Qutb-ud-Aibak

Mamluk Slave sept was based by Qutb-ud-Aibak in 1206.

Qutb-ud-Aibak

Born in Turkestan: 1150

Died: 1210 (age 60)

Burial: Anarkali Bazar, Lahore

Religion: Islam

Language: Persian

Region: twenty five Gregorian calendar month 1206-1210

Capital: urban center (1206-1210)

Government: land

Qutb-ud-Aibak 

             He was accountable of Ghurid territories within the norden Asian country, Associate in Nursingd once Mu’izz-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori death he became the ruler of an freelance kingdom urban center land, and dominated by Mamluk sept. He dominated for less than four years type 1206-1210 AD.

Early life: 

                          A native geographical area, Aibak was sold into slavery as a toddler. He was purchased by a Qazi at Nishapur in Persia, wherever he learned athletics and horse riding among alternative fighting skills. He was resold to Mu’izz-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori in Ghazni, wherever he rose the position of officer in army.

Historical Constriction: 

Quwwat-ul-Islam house of worship and Qutab Minar at urban center, and completed by Iltumish.

Death: He was died whereas taking part in Polo in urban center.

Rulers of Slave Dynasty:

1. Qutb-ud-Aibak 1206-1210

2. Syrian Arab Republic crowned head 1210-1211

3. Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish 1211-1236

4. Rukn-ud-Din Feroz 1236

5. Razia Sultana 1236-1240

6. Muiz-ud-Din Bahram 1240-1242

7. Ala-ud-Din Masud 1242-1246

8. Nasiruddin Mahmud 1246-1266

9. Ghiyath-ud-Din Balban 1266-1287

10. Muiz-ud-Din Muhammad Qaiqabad 1287-1290

Khilji sept 1290-1320AD

Khilji sept was a Turko-Afghan sept that dominated on urban center land. based by: Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khalji

Established: 1290

Disestablished: 1320

Capital: urban center

Language: Persian

Religion: Islam

Government: land

Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khalji:

Born: Unknown

Died: 1296 Kara, India

Region: 1290-1296

Rulers of Khilji Dynasty:

1. Jalal-ud-Din Firuz Khalji 1290-1296

2. Alauddin Khalji 1296-1316

3. Shihab-ud-Din Umar 1316

4. Qutb-ud0Din Mubarak 1316-1320

Tughlaq sept 1320-1414

Established: 1320

Disestablished: 1414

Founded by: Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq

Capital: urban center

Language: Persian

Religion: Islam

Government: land

Currency: Bangladeshi monetary unit

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf
1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Today half of: Asian country, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq:

Born: Unknown

Died: 1325 urban center, India

Region: 1320-1325

Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq was the founding father of Tughluq sept.

Rulers of Tughluq Dynasty:

1. Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq 1320-1325

2. Muhammad Bin Tughluq 1325-1351

3. Firuz crowned head Tughluq 1351-1388

4. Ghiyath-ud-Din Tughluq crowned head 1388-1389

5. swayer Abu Bakar crowned head 1389-1390

6. swayer Muhammad crowned head 1390-1394

7. swayer Ala-ud-Din Sikander crowned head 1394

8. swayer Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad crowned head 1394-1414

Syed sept 1414-1451

The Syed sept was the fourth sept of Dehli land, with four ruler ruling from 1414 to 1451. based by Khizr Khan a former governor of Multan, they succeeded the Tughlaq sept and dominated the land till they were displaced by the Lodi sept.

Established: 1414

Disestablished: 1451

Capital: urban center

Government: land

Language: Persian

Today half of: Asian country and Asian country

Religion: Islam

Khizr Khan Sayyid

Region: 1414-1421

Born: Unknown

Died: 1421

Burial: urban center, India

Rulers:

1. Khizr Khan Sayyid 1414-1421

2. Mubarak crowned head 1421-1434

3. Muhammad crowned head 1434-1443

4. Ala-ud-Din crowned head 1443-1451

Lodi sept 1451-1526

                                             Lodi sept was Associate in Nursing Afghan sept that dominated the urban center land from 1451-1526. it absolutely was the last sept of the urban center land and was based by Bahlul Khan Lodi once he replaced the Sayyid sept.

Established: 1451

Disestablished: 1526 (Mughal Empire)

Capital: urban center

Religion: Islam

Government: autarchy (Kingdom, empire)

Language: jail

Bahlul Lodi:

Born: 1401

Died: 1489

Region: 1451-1489

Rulers of Lodi dynasty:

1. Bahlul Lodi 1451-1489

2. Sikandar Lodi 1489-1517

3. Abraham Lodi 1517-1526

The Great Mughal Empire 1526-1857

Babur the primary Mughal emperor, was born in gift day Asian nation. The Mughal sept was based by Jagatai Turkic aristocrat name Babur WHO was descended from the Turkic conquer Tamburlaine on his father facet and from Jagatai, second son of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, on his mother facet. He became the ruler of national capital (Afghanistan) in 1504.He attack on landmass 1504-

1524 for 5 time. He invaded the dominion of Lodi sept in Northern Asian country in 1526. He defeated the Abraham Lodi at pitched battle close to urban center and established Mogul sept. Mogul sept was rule for 3 centuries in landmass.

Panipat:

Panipat may be a celebrated city close to urban center. 3 vital battles were fought on this ground. 1. initial between Babur against Abraham Lodi in 1526 A.D.

3. The third was between Ahmad crowned head Abdali versus Marhata leaders in 1761 A.D. Established: 1526

Disestablished: 1857

Capital: city (1526-1648) , Fatehpur Sikri (1571-1585), urban center (1586-1598), urban center (1648-1857)

Government: autarchy

First Monarch: Zaher-ud-Din Babur

Last monarch: Bahadur crowned head Zafar

Residence: city Fort 1526-1639, Red Fort 1639-1857

Area: 04 Million sq. Kilometers

Population estimated: 110-150 Million

Currency: Rupee, Taka, dam

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Today half of: Asian country, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal

Language: Persian, Urdu-i-Mua’lla , Hindi, Arabic, Turkic, South Asian languages Zaher-ud-Din Babur:

Father: Umar shaikh Mirza

Mother: Qutlung Nigar Khanum Religion: Islam

Region: 1526-1530 (India) , Kabul1(504-1530)

Burial: national capital (Afghanistan)

Rulers of Mughal dynasty:

1. Babur 1526-1530

2. Humayun 1530-1540-1555-1556 (1540-1555 Suri Sultanate) three. Akbar 1556-1605

4. Jehangir 1605-1627

5. Shah Jahan 1627-1658

6. Aurangzeb Alamgir 1658-1707

7. Bahadur crowned head (awal) 1707-1712

8. Jahandar crowned head 1712-1713

9. Farrukhsiyar 1713-1719

10. Rafi-ud-Drajat 1719-1719

11. Shah Jahan (Second) 1719-1719

12. Muhammad crowned head 1719-1748

13. Ahmed crowned head Bahadur 1748-1754

14. Alamgir (Second) 1754-1759

15. crowned head Alam(Second) 1760-1806

16. Akbar crowned head (Second) 1806-1837

17. Bahadur crowned head Zafar 1837-1857

Anglo-Indian wars

1. Anglo-Mughal war (1686-1690)

Anglo-Mughal war: European country (Sir Josiah) Vs Mughals (Aurangzeb)

Result : Mughal ending

2. Battle of pitched battle 1757

Nawab of geographical area Siraj-ud-dola vs British general

Result: British ending

3. initial Anglo-Mysore war (1766-1779)

First Anglo-Mysore war conflict between the land of Mysore and East India Company. Leader of Mysore Hyder Ali and East India Company Smith

Result: Hyder Ali ending

4. initial Anglo Mahratta war (1775-1782)

The 3 wars fought between {east india|Malay Archipelago|East Indies|East Asian country|archipelago} Company or British Empire and Mahratta Empire in India.

Result: Mahratta ending

5. Second Anglo-Mysore war (1780-1784)

This war fought between British, East India Company (Sir Eyre) vs Kingdom of Mysore (Hyder Ali and his son pride of Bolivia Sultan)mcqs.In this war French and Dutch supported to Hyder Ali. Result: Hyder Ali ending

6. Third Anglo-Mysore war (1789-1792)

Leader of Mysore kingdom the goodmcqs pride of Bolivia swayer vs Willim Medows ( British) , Hari pant (Maratha) , Muhabat Carl Jung (Hyderabad)

Result: pride of Bolivia defeated and lost one 1/2 its territory of 7.Mysore kingdom seven. Forth Anglo-Mysore war (1798-1799)

Leader of Mysore pride of Bolivia swayer and also the Leader of British East India company Saint George Harris , Leader of Hyderabad Daccan Asaf Jah, Mr Aslam, Sham Raj.

Result: Anglo-Hyderabad ending

8. Second Anglo-Maratha war (1803-1805)

East India company (Gerard Lake ) vs Mahratta Empire (Daulat Scindhia) Result: British ending

9. Anglo-Nepalese war (1814-1816)

East India Company(Francis Rawdon Hastings) vs Asian nation (Girvan Yuddha , Bikram Shah) Result: British ending

10. Third Anglo-Maratha war (1817-1818)

East India Company (Francis Rawdon Hastings) vs Mahratta (Bapu Gokhale) Result: British ending

11. initial Anglo-Sikh war (1845-1846)

East India Company vs Sikh Empire

Result: British ending

12. Second Anglo-Sikh war (1848-1849)

East India Company vs Sikh Empire

Result: British ending

13. nice Indian rebellion (1857-1858)

War started on ten could 1857-01 Gregorian calendar month 1858) one year and 6 month. Result: British ending, finish of Mughal Empire (Bhadur crowned head zafar vs Lord Canning), Transfer of power to British Crown in Asian country.

British management an outsized a part of Asian country.

Ideological development for separate Country in Indian landmass Mujadad Alif Sani

Mujadad Alif Sani

Born: 1564 (Sirhind , Punjab Asian country )

Died: 1624

Religion: Islam

Tariqa: Naqshbandi

Occupation: Islamic scholar, Sufism

Deen-e-Ilahi (1582-1605)combination of religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam) Mughal Emperor Akbar unreal Deen-e-Ilahi in 1582.

Qutb-ud-Din Ahmed Waliullah (Shah Waliullah)

Name: Qutb-ud-Din Ahmed Waliullah

Father Name: Shah Abdur Rahim

Born:1703 (Muzaffar Nagar ,Uttarperdaish India)

Died: 1762

Religion: Islam

Nationality: Indian

Commonly known: Shah Waliullah Dehlawi

Occupation: Islamic Scholar, Muhadith, Renewer , Hectographer, scholar and thinker Movement: Renaissance in Indian Muslim Community

Translation of Holy Quran: Translation of Quran into Persian Language initial in Indian landmass.

Notable work: Translation of Quran into Persian Language , Hujjatullah-il-Baligha , Al-Fauzul Kabeer, Al-Kidatul Hasanah , Majmua Rasail imaum

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf
1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Tariqa: Naqshbandi

Madrasah-i-Rahimiyah

Madrasah-i-Rahimiyah is associate degree Islamic Seminary settled in urban center, India. it had been supported by Shah Abdur Rahim the daddy of Shah Waliullah throughout the region of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

 when the death of Shah Abdur Rahim in 1718, Shah Waliullah started teaching at the Madrasah-i Rahimiyah. when the death mcqsof Shah Waliuulah in 1762, his Son Shah Abdul Aziz teaching Hadith at Madrasah-i-Rahimiyah for sixty years.

Shah Abdul Aziz: Teaching of Hadith in Indian Subcontinen. Syed Ahmed martyr was the student of Shah Abdul Aziz World Health Organization fight within the approach of Allah against Sikh kingdom in Indian landmass.

Shah Rafi-ud-Din:Shah Rafi-ud-Din translated Holy Quran into Urdu initial in Indian landmass. Shah Abdul Qader: Tafseer Quran in Urdu initial in Indian landmass.

Syed Ahmed martyr

Born: 1786 Uttarparadish Asian country

Martyred: 1831 Balakot , Mansehra(KPK) Asian country

Occupation: Jihad

Battle against Sikh Kingdom: At Akora in Dec 1826, Syed Ahmed martyr success. eleven Gregorian calendar month 1827, allegiance was sworn on his hand and he was declared Muhammedan and imaum. 

On 06 could 1831, on the day of Holy weekday, Syed Ahmed forces ready for the ultimate battle at Balakot. Syed Ahmed army was 600 and Sikh army was ten,000. Syed Ahmed was Martyred on 06 could 1831 throughout Jihad against Sikh army.

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born in 1817 in urban center. when early education he joined East India Company in 1835 as a sub clerk within the Court of law. In 1846 he promoted to Chief choose. 

throughout the war of independence (1857) he was in Bajnor wherever he saved British ladies and youngsters putt himself into the danger. thanks to this service Sir Syed was asked to figure as a Governor however he refused as a result of he needed to serve the Muslims.

Back ground:After the war of independence the Muslims were the target of the vindictive activities of land Govt. and also the Hindus got a chance to create land believe that the Muslims were a threat to land rule. 

At that crucial time Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was the primary leader to come back forward and tried to rescue the national pride of the Muslims, He started Aligarh Movement.

Objectives of Aligarh Movement: Aligarh Movement was established to satisfy the subsequent targets:

1. to create confidence between the govt. and also the Muslims.

2. to steer the Muslims to accumulate trendy data and West Germanic. 

3. to carry back the Muslim from the politics. academic Services:

Educational Services of Aligarh Movement:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan needed the Muslim nation to be educated to stay pace with the fashionable advancement. He was of the opinion that honor of the state can be achieved solely by education. 

He suggested the Muslims to induce the foremost trendy western education. He established academic establishments for the Muslim youth and radio-controlled them each on paper and much.

1. faculty in Muradabad

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan established the academic establishment in Muradabad 1859. That was a Persian faculty.

2. faculty in Ghazi Pur 

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan established a college in Ghazi Pur in 1862. 

3. Scientific Society:

Sir Syed established a novel establishment Scientific Society in Ghazipur in 1863. The Headquarters of this society were shifted to Aligarh in 1876. the aim of its institution was to accumulate thebooks in different languages, and translate them in Urdu. 

Sir Syed stressed upon the requirement for education in West Germanic so the Muslim generation might learn the Western square measure trendy data as shortly as doable.

4. institution of M.A.O. faculty Aligarh

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan came upon M.A.O. faculty in Aligarh in 1875; soon (in 1877) it had been upgraded to varsity. This establishment became Muslim University Aligarh in 1920.

5. Muhammadan academic Conference:

Sir Syed established another organization in 1886 to supply funds to satisfy the wants of Aligarh movement. This organization served the Muslim community all told the fields (social, political and religious). 

the most aim was to inspire the Muslims to figure within the field of education. it had been this movement that set the foundations of All Asian country Muslim League in Dacca in 1906 in its annual meeting. 

Syllabi: “Philosophy are going to be in our hand, science in our left and the crown of Islamic ideology are going to be on our head” were the thoughts of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan once deciding the syllabi of the establishments.mcqs He place each effort to create the program a decent mix of Western, japanese and Islamic education.

Conclusion:

No doubts s Ahmed Khan up linear unit the academic s of the Muslims The services of English people lecturers like Arnold, Morrison andmcqs Archibold employed. Some versatile personalities of the sub continent were appointed as lecturers. The Teacher to show Sansikrit was a Hindu.

 several different establishments were additionally found following the Aligarh Movement in varied cities of the country. so Aligarh Movement was the pioneer to bring a revolution within the field of education.

 Literary Services of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan:

1. Prolific Writer:

Sir Syed himself was a prolific author. as luck would have it he was s by a gaggle of intellectuals, essayists, critics, hi and poets. metal used itera for the national progress.

The Muslims followed the A Movement, and that they achieved their objectives. 

2. Khutabat-e-Ahmadia:

In 1869 Sir Syad , Khan wrote a book Khutabat-e-Ahma do defend the Holy Prophet (PBUH) in reply to „A More‟s book.

3. Tabbain-ul-Kalam:

He wrote a writing on Bible referred to as Tabbian-ul-Kalam

4. Risala Tehzib-ul-lkhlaq:

In 1970 Sir Syed Ahned Khan revealed a pamphlet, Risala Tehzib-ul-lklhaq within which he delineate social downside of mcqs the Muslims and he tried to eliminate the bias among the Muslims towards the Non-Muslims.

5. Asar-us-Sanadeed:

For the financial aid of the Muslims he wrote Asar-us-Sanad

6. Translation Works:

Following books were translated: Ain-akbari, Tuzok-e-Jahangri, & Tarikh-e-Sarkashi Bajnor additionally to all or any mcqs this Sir Syed additionally wrote Tafseer-ul-Quran, Loyal Muhammadan of Asian country & Asbab-e-Baghawat Hind.

7. Works of the opposite writers:

Maulana Shibli Nomani wrote Seerat-un-Nabi, Al-Farooq, Al-Ghazali, Al-Mamoon. Deputy NazeerAhmed wrote Mareat-ul-Uroos, Toba-tun-nasuh, lbne-ul-Waqat. Maulana Altaf Hussairi Hall wrote Mussadas-e-Hali, Diwan-e-HaIi, Moazana Daber-o-Anees and Hayat-e-Javaid. 

1000 solved mcqs Of Pakistan Study pdf

Social and Economic Services of Aligarh Movement:

Sir Syed took several steps to regain the lost social and economic standing of the Muslims. The suppressed and ruined community became dynamic.

1. Lost Glory

Sir Syed Ahmed radio-controlled the Muslims on each level to regain their lost glory. 

2. Risala-e-Asbabe-Baghawat-e-Hind

After the war of independence 1857, he wrote Risala-e-Asbabe-Baghawat-e-Hind within which he delineate the particular reasons behind this war.

3. Loyal Muhammadans of Asian country

Sir Syed wrote this book to create land tuned in to the services of the Muslims. Through this book he got wise behviour of land for the Muslims of Asian country.

 4. Government Jobs for the Muslims

As a results of results of campaign, the Muslims of Asian country got exceptional jobs in Govt. sector on a giant scale.

5. Orphanages

He established orphanages for Muslim youngsters so they will not become Hindu or Christian. it had been very an excellent service of him. during this approach he tried to construct a bridge between land and the Muslims. He succeeded in obtaining angle finally modified and also the Muslims, once again, joined the most stream.

Political Services of Aligarh Movement:

Sir Syed suggested the Muslims to stay off from politics and he himself took vital steps to educate the Muslims for his or her socio-economic restoration so they may acquire the standing such as that of Hindus. He was of the read that education is that the solely weapon to stay pace with model advancement.

1. 2 Nation Theory

He was little doubt within the favour of Hindu Muslim unity within the starting however when Urdu-Hindi conflict he came to understand the character of the Hindu nation. Then for the primary time within the History he used the word “Nation” for the Muslim in 1867.

thus we are able to say he was the founding father of 2 nation theory in sub-continent. On the idea of 2 Nation Theory, Sir Syed asked for special safeguards for the Muslims in numerous fields. Special seats for the Muslims within the native councils 

2. Quota in services

Started a movement against the open competitive examinations for superior services Rejected the government of the majorities as a result of that would result in the monopoly of the Hindus 

3. recommendation to avoid politics

After the war of 1857, he suggested the Muslims to stay off from politics till they might become sturdy in education.

4. Urdu Hindi conflict 1867

After Urdu Hindi conflict in Bin eras Sir Syed understood the mentality of the Hindus and he controlled land to avoid exchange Urdu with Hindi.

5. Behaviour towards Indian National Congress

Sir Syed forbade the Muslims to hitch the Indian National Congress supported by A.O. philosopher in 1885, as he might perceive the objectives of this party.

6. Political Reforms

He restrained the Muslims from connection congress and struggle for special seat of the Muslims in loc council. He additionally started a movement against the open competitive exams to avoid the monopoly of the Hindus.

Conclusion

The services of Sir Syed were extremely laudable, therefore, he’s recognized in concert of the founders of Asian country. Maulvi Abdul Haque appreciated the role contend by Sir Syed and aforesaid, “The initial stone of the muse of Asian country was set down by this recent man.”

The Tehrik-i-Deoband

The Tehrik-i-Deoband was started with the institution of a Madrassah at Deoband for non secular education. The Madrassah was named as Dar-ul-Uloom-i-Deoband and was started at Deoband, a community of Saharanpur. It began engaged on fourteenth Gregorian calendar month, 1866 in an exceedingly little house of prayer. Founders of Deoband. Of Pakistan Study pdf

It is believed that a purported saint and sufi, hadji Muhammad Abid floated the concept of the institution of this Madrassah for transmission non secular education to the Muslims. He urged that funds ought to be collected and a Madrassah be established. Of Pakistan Study pdf

 hadji Muhammad Abid took heap of pains within the assortment of funds and picked up a considerable quantity. He then educated Maulana Muhammad Qasim of the results of his efforts and requested him to come back and teach at Deoband. A managing committee together with Mdulana Muhammad Qasim, Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman, Maulana Zulfiqar Ali and Muslim Muhammad Mahmood was came upon. Of Pakistan Study pdf

Maulana Muhammad Yaqub, a number one educatidnist, was appointed because the principal.Though hajji Muhammad Abid is claimed to be the first founding father of the Dar-ul Uloom, however the short development and success of the establishment was chiefly because of the sincere efforts of Maulana Muh Qasim Nanautvi WHO joined it some of years when its institution. Of Pakistan Study pdf

 Maulana Muhammad Qasim was appointed its initial Principal and along side his relation Maulana Muhammad Yaqub, rendered valuable services for the event of the establishment. Maulana Muhammad Qàsim and Maulana Muhammad Yaqub broughtwith them wealthy expertise within the instructional field that very helped within the structure sector of the Dar-ul-Uloom Maulana Muhammad Qasim left his government service to hitch the Dar-ul-Uloom at a paltry

salary of Rupees 10 a month.

 Maulana Muhammad Qasim was a good teacher and non secular reverend. because of his dedicated services for the establishment, the Madrassah at Deoband, with the time, came to be referred to as Qasim-al-Uloom-i-Deoband. with the exception of Maulana Muhammad Qasim and Maulana Muhammad Yaqub and different eminent persons like Sheikh-ul-Hind Maulana Of Pakistan Study pdf

Mahmud-ul-Hassan and Maulana Shabbir Ahmed Usmani conjointly imparted non secular education at the Dar-ul-Uloom. Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani didn’t take any remuneration for his services whereas Mautana Mabmud-ul-Hasan worked on a monthly pay of Rs. 50 only.

Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautvi worked day and night to unfold the Tehrik-i-Deoband in each corner of the country. He established variety of different establishments of spiritual education. the quantity of students in Deoband grew with superb quickness chiefly because of Maulana Qasims efforts. Iii 1931,

900 students were on the rolls of the Dar-ul-liloom WHO came from UP Bengal, NW.F.P and Bukhara. Of Pakistan Study pdf

Activities of Dar-ul-Uloom

The activities of the Dar-ul-Uloom weren’t restricted to the sub-continent however it unfold the sunshine of non secular education to the opposite elements of the planet furthermore. The Dar-ul l.Jloom attracted fairly a sizable amount of scholars from different elements of world because of its high instructional normal. it’s been rated joined of the celebrated seat of Muslim. Of Pakistan Study pdf

learnings and next to the Azhar University of cairo, the.most revered system of rules academy of the Muslim world. Administratively Dar-ul-Uloom was a wonderful established that provided body steerage to different instructional establishments, within the spheres of syllabi, conduct of examinations and impartation of education in several disciplines.

The Dar-ul-Uluom at Deoband followed Madrassah-i-Rahimiya established by crowned head Wall Ullah‟s father, within the teaching of Hadith and different non secular disciplines. however it conjointly had variety of options of British instructional system that were division of scholars in regular educational group’s maintenance of attending registers and written examinations.

 These characteristics introduced a disciplined conduct within the operating of Madrassah that created superb results each in educational and body sectors of the establishment. it absolutely was all because of the broad vision, goodness and nice influence of Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautvi, WHO place his soul into the Dar-ul-Uloom to create it a perfect establishment of the Muslim world.

As already mentioned the Dar-ul-U.loom started functioning during a little masjid because it had no building. However, straight off when its institution, the work for the development of a building for the Dar-ul-Uloom began. an enormous building was raised bit by bit with totally different departments including Dar-ul-Hadit and Dar-ul-Tafsir‟ because the most vital and notable departments. Dar-ul-Uloorn has its own library with an oversized assortment of fantastic and rare books on totally different subjects.

Teachers/Students of Dar-ul-Uloom

Dar-ul-Uloom-i-Deoband has been an area of prestigious learnings wherever folks with extraordinary qualifications rendered services for the noble task of the impart of spiritual education. Deoband created men of high intellectual standing WHO worked c for the unfold of Islam within the sub-continent. These revered personalities

Pakistan Studies Compiled by:

Include crowned head Abdur Rahim Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi, Maulana Husain Ahmad Madni. Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, Shekkh-ul-Hind Maulana Mahmud-ul-Hasan, Maulana Abdul Haq. Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Maulana Ubaid Ullah Sanskrit, Multi Kifiyat Ullah, Maulana Ahmad Ali Lahori, 

Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shafi, Shams-u body Mau Tajwar Nakibabadi, Madlana Ehtesham-ul-Haq ThaTnvi because the most notablemcqs persons WHO were benefited from the Deoband. Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was the sure companion of Quaid-i-Azam throughout the liberty movement.

Dar-ul-Uloom-i-Deoband got the services of nice students WHO served there as lecturers. Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautvi was its rudiment WHO raised the establishment to the head of glory, and fame along with his devotion within the educational and body aspects of the Dar Apart froi him M Muhammad Yaqub, Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi,, Maulana Ashraf All Thanvi,mcqs Maulana Mahmud-ul-Hassan, Anwar crowned head Kashmiri, Maulana Husain Ahmad Madni and Maulana Shabbir Ahmad (Jsmani, served the Dar-ul-Uloom. They were extremely piOus men WHO impressed their students with their non secular and educational qualities.

Political Trends of Deoband:

Deoband was influenced by the All India National Congress in its political trend. However, there was one clear cluster beneath Maulana Ashraf All Thanvi and Maulana Shabbir Ahmad 

Usmani WHO differed with Congress in political approach. The Madni cluster shaped their political organization as Jamiat-ul-Ulema-i-Hind and supported the political hilosophy of the Congress. The Thanvi cluster established 

Jamiat-uI-Ulema-i-Islam and supported Asian nation movement and extended valuable help to the Quaid-i-Azam. The Madni cluster including Maulana Husain Ahmad Madni and Mufti Kifiyat Ullah was influenced by Maulana Abu-ul-Kalam Azad. This cluster worked in collaboration with Congress and was critical the partition of India.

Educational side of the Deoband:

The Dar-uI-Uloom-i-Deoband is thought to be a prestigious seat of Muslim learnings. It imparts education in several disciplines that embody education on sacred text, Hadith, Arabic, Muslim Jurisprudence, mcqsPhilosophy and Iclamic History.mcqs The body of the Deohand area unit thought of because the extremely revered personalities within the non secular spheres and their Fatwas carry nice believability and importance within the whole of sub-continent.

Maulana Muhammad Qasimmcqs remained the top of the Dar-ul-Uloorn until 1880. He died on fifteenth Apr 1880 at a young agemcqs of forty nine years. Maulana Rashid Ahrnad Gangohi became the top of the establishment when the death of Maulana Qasim.

 Maulana Rashid Ahmad was a good theologist, a Sufi and a Muhadis. He was in favour of Muslims participation mcqs within themcqsmcqsvmcqs Congress politics. Maulana Ra Ahmad died in 1905. Alter his death Sheikh-ul-Flind Maulana Mahmud-ul-Hasan cooking pan over the charge of Deoband WHO completed his studies in 1873. 

He joined Dar-ul-Uloom as mcqsa coachafter the completion of his education. He has written variety of books and has translated the Holy sacred text.

DAR-UL-ULOOM- AND ALIGARH

The Tehrik-i-Deoband, straight off when its beginning didn’t see eye to eye with the Aligarh movement because of the mcqs operating strategy of the Aligarh. The Aligarh movement was supported the policy of reconciliation with country whereas the 

Tehrik-i-Deoband stressed on the non secular aspects of the Muslims and was critical the policy of reconciliationmcqs with country. The fully totally different approach to the politics had widened the gulf between the authorities of Deoband and Aligarh. 

Maulana Muhammad Qasim, a number one and necessary temperament of the Deoband remained engaged withinmcqs the mcqs contestation with Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. that they had sharp variations on the politicalmcqs matters of the country. Maulana Qasim and his companions actively fought against country and for a few time established their own government in their own space. 

On the opposite hand Sir Syed Ahmad, tho’ terribly active throughout the War of 1857, remained loyal to the British.mcqs He dangerous adopted the reconciliatory posture shnply as a result of he felt it essential for the protection and revival of the Muslims when the War. Of Pakistan Study pdf

Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi. Maulana Qasim‟s cQmpanion WHO succeeded him because the head of the Dar-ul-Uloom, was place in jail when the war whereas his non secular mentor had to escape to Makkah to avoid British wrath. 

These events compelled these gentlemen to adop(a rigid posture against the British. once Sir Syed Ahmad suggested the Muslims to stay off from the Congress politics, Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi opposed him. The anti-British perspective was a marked feature of Deoband whereas Aligarh followed the policy of co-operation with country. 

The leaders and body of Deoband emphatic on the non secular superiority of the Muslims and believed that the Muslims should strictly adhere to their non secular customs in order that they might simply combat the impact of doctrine. Of Pakistan Study pdf

Another obtrusive distinction between Deoband and Aligarh was their totally different approach toward the instructional system. Aligarh ordered stress on the western and English education. MAO. school was the centre of English teaching and its main objective was to arrange a bunch of scholars well equipped within the western kind of education. On the opposite facet Deoband was a seat of Muslim and non secular leanings. It ordered stress on the non secular disciplines.

However, despite the variations, the 2 nice establishments, Deoband and Aligarh, did relish some mutuality of thought and action on bound problems. variety of necessary leaders of each movements were appetent of Muslim welfare and their social and economic revival.

 once Maulana Mahmud-ul-Hasan became the top of Deoband, he ehcouraged contacts between Aligarh and Deoband. In his time the emotions of brotherhood and amity between the 2 establishments received a positive stimulus.

In 1906 Jamiat-ul-Ansai was established at Deoband. Sahibzada Aftab Ahmad Khan of Aligarh school attended the meeting of this organization.mcqs it absolutely was in agreement that the Dar-al-Uloom Deoband would create special arrangements for teaching non secular subjects to the graduates of Aligarh school, whereas similar facilities would be extended by the Aligarh school to show  Of Pakistan Study pdf

English and western subjects to the scholars WHO had completed their studies at Deoband. seeable of this agreement a central establishment, Jamiat Milia was established at city in November, 1920. This establishment enclosed several options of each Aligarh and Deoband.

However, the political tension between the 2 establishments couldn’t be lessened until 1947. This light-emitting diode to several controversies, however the institution of a central establishment, combining the options of 2 movements and impartation education to the Muslims in non secular and western field, did have a healthier and unifying impact. Of Pakistan Study pdf

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